Romans, Epistle to the

Romans, Epistle to the
   This epistle was probably written at Corinth. Phoebe (Rom. 16:1) of Cenchrea conveyed it to Rome, and Gaius of Corinth entertained the apostle at the time of his writing it (16:23; 1 Cor. 1:14), and Erastus was chamberlain of the city, i.e., of Corinth (2 Tim. 4:20).
   The precise time at which it was written is not mentioned in the epistle, but it was obviously written when the apostle was about to "go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints", i.e., at the close of his second visit to Greece, during the winter preceding his last visit to that city (Rom. 15:25; comp. Acts 19:21; 20:2, 3, 16; 1 Cor. 16:1-4), early in A.D. 58.
   It is highly probable that Christianity was planted in Rome by some of those who had been at Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:10). At this time the Jews were very numerous in Rome, and their synagogues were probably resorted to by Romans also, who in this way became acquainted with the great facts regarding Jesus as these were reported among the Jews. Thus a church composed of both Jews and Gentiles was formed at Rome. Many of the brethren went out to meet Paul on his approach to Rome. There are evidences that Christians were then in Rome in considerable numbers, and had probably more than one place of meeting (Rom. 16:14, 15).
   The object of the apostle in writing to this church was to explain to them the great doctrines of the gospel. His epistle was a "word in season." Himself deeply impressed with a sense of the value of the doctrines of salvation, he opens up in a clear and connected form the whole system of the gospel in its relation both to Jew and Gentile. This epistle is peculiar in this, that it is a systematic exposition of the gospel of universal application. The subject is here treated argumentatively, and is a plea for Gentiles addressed to Jews. In the Epistle to the Galatians, the same subject is discussed, but there the apostle pleads his own authority, because the church in Galatia had been founded by him.
   After the introduction (1:1-15), the apostle presents in it divers aspects and relations the doctrine of justification by faith (1:16-11:36) on the ground of the imputed righteousness of Christ. He shows that salvation is all of grace, and only of grace. This main section of his letter is followed by various practical exhortations (12:1-15:13), which are followed by a conclusion containing personal explanations and salutations, which contain the names of twenty-four Christians at Rome, a benediction, and a doxology (Rom. 15:14-ch. 16).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Romans, Epistle to the — • The subject is treated under the following heads: I. The Roman Church and St. Paul; II. Character, Contents, and Arrangement of the Epistle; III. Authenticity; IV. Integrity; V. Date and Circumstances of Composition; VI. Historical Importance;… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ROMANS, EPISTLE TO THE —    an epistle written from Corinth, in the year 59, by St. Paul to the Church at Rome to correct particularly two errors which he had learned the Church there had fallen into, on the part, on the one hand, of the Jewish Christians, that the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Epistle To the Romans —     Epistle to the Romans     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistle to the Romans     This subject will be treated under the following heads: I. The Roman Church and St. Paul; II. Character, Contents, and Arrangement of the Epistle; III.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistle to the Romans — The Epistle of St. Paul the Apostle to the Romans is one of the letters of the New Testament canon of the Christian Bible. Often referred to simply as Romans, it is one of the seven currently undisputed letters of Paul. It is even counted among… …   Wikipedia

  • Epistle to the Ephesians —     Epistle to the Ephesians     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistle to the Ephesians     This article will be treated under the following heads:     ♦ I. Analysis of the Epistle;     ♦ II. Special Characteristics:     ♦ (1) Form:     (a)… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistle to the Colossians —     Epistle to the Colossians     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistle to the Colossians     One of the four Captivity Epistles written by St. Paul during his first imprisonment in Rome the other three being Ephesians, Philemon and Philippians. That …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistle to the Galatians —     Epistle to the Galatians     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistle to the Galatians     GALATIA     In the course of centuries, gallic tribes, related to those that invaded Italy and sacked Rome, wandered east through Illyricum and Pannonia. At… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Epistle to the Galatians — The Epistle to the Galatians is a book of the New Testament. It is a letter from Paul of Tarsus to a number of early Christian communities in the Roman province of Galatia in central Anatolia. It is principally concerned with the controversy… …   Wikipedia

  • The Epistle to the Romans (Barth) — The Epistle to the Romans is a commentary by Swiss theologian Karl Barth on the New Testament Epistle to the Romans. First written in 1919, and later modified in 1922, Epistle to the Romans is significant as Barth s first major work, defined by… …   Wikipedia

  • Epistle to the Hebrews —     Epistle to the Hebrews     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Epistle to the Hebrews     This will be considered under eight headings: (I) Argument; (II) Doctrinal Contents; (III) Language and Style; (IV) Distinctive Characteristics; (V) Readers to… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”